41°53′9.26″N 12°30′22.16″E

41°53′9.26″N 12°30′22.16″E

Working on the buildings to be used in Scene V.  It seems the architecture in the bible often refers to buildings in nearly perfect measurements.  It was odd to find that many of today’s renowned buildings are made in very similar measurements, often similar to one another.

The Most Commonly Know Structure of Vatican City

The Papal Basilica of Saint Peter (Latin: Basilica Sancti Petri), officially known in Italian as Basilica Papale di San Pietro in Vaticano and commonly known as Saint Peter’s Basilica, is a Late Renaissance church located within the Vatican City. Saint Peter’s Basilica has the largest interior of any Christian church in the world. While it is neither the official mother church of the Roman Catholic Church nor the cathedral of the Pope as Bishop of Rome, Saint Peter’s is regarded as one of the holiest Catholic sites. It has been described as “holding a unique position in the Christian world” and as “the greatest of all churches of Christendom”.

In Roman Catholic tradition, the basilica is the burial site of its namesake Saint Peter, who was one of the twelve apostles of Jesus and, according to tradition, the first Bishop of Rome and therefore first in the line of the papal succession. Tradition and some historical evidence hold that Saint Peter’s tombis directly below the altar of the basilica. For this reason, many Popes have been interred at St. Peter’s since the Early Christian period. There has been a church on this site since the 4th century. Construction of the present basilica, over the old Constantinian basilica, began on 18 April 1506 and was completed on 18 November 1626.

St. Peter’s is famous as a place of pilgrimage, for its liturgical functions and for its historical associations. It is associated with the papacy, with the Counter-reformation and with numerous artists, most significantly Michelangelo. As a work of architecture, it is regarded as the greatest building of its age. Contrary to popular misconception, Saint Peter’s is not a cathedral, as it is not the seat of a bishop. It is properly termed a papal basilica. The Archbasilica of St. John Lateran is the cathedral church of Rome.



The official mother church of the Roman Catholic Church

The Papal Archbasilica of St. John Lateran (Italian: Arcibasilica Papale di San Giovanni in Laterano), commonly known as St. John Lateran’s Archbasilica and St. John Lateran’s Basilica, is the cathedral church of the Diocese of Rome and the official ecclesiastical seat of the Bishop of Rome, who is the Pope. The official name, in Latin, is Archibasilica Sanctissimi Salvatoris et Sanctorum Iohannes Baptista et Evangelista in Laterano, which translates in English as Archbasilica of the Most Holy Saviour and Ss. John the Baptist and the Evangelist at the Lateran, and in Italian as Arcibasilica del Santissimo Salvatore e Santi Giovanni Battista ed Evangelista in Laterano.

It is the oldest and ranks first among the four Papal Basilicas or major basilicas of Rome (having the cathedra of the Bishop of Rome). It claims the title of ecumenical mother church among Roman Catholics. The current archpriest of St. John Lateran is Agostino Vallini, Cardinal Vicar General for the Diocese of Rome. The President of the French Republic, currently Nicolas Sarkozy, is ex officio the “first and only honorary canon” of the basilica, a title inherited from the Kings of France, who have held it since Henry IV of France.



  • Cost of construction of the basilica = 46,800,052ducats[44]
  • Geographic orientation = chancel west, nave east
  • Capacity = 60,000 +[citation needed]
  • Total length = 730 feet (220 m)
  • Total width = 500 feet (150 m)
  • Interior length incl. vestibule = 693.8 feet (211.5 m),[4]more than 1/8 mile.
  • Length of the transepts in interior = 451 feet (137 m)[4]
  • Width of nave = 90.2 feet (27.5 m)[4]
  • Width at the tribune = 78.7 feet (24.0 m)[4]
  • Internal width at transepts = 451 feet (137 m)[4]
  • Internal height of nave = 151.5 feet (46.2 m) high[4]
  • Total area = 227,070 square feet (21,095 m2), more than 5 acres (20,000 m2).
  • Internal area = 163,182.2 square feet (3.75 acres; 15,160.12 m2)[4]
  • Height from pavement to top of cross = 452 feet (138 m)
  • Façade = 167 feet (51 m) high by 375 feet (114 m) wide
  • Vestibule = 232.9 feet (71.0 m) feet wide, 44.2 feet (13.5 m) deep, and 91.8 feet (28.0 m) high[4]
  • The internal columns and pilasters = 92 feet (28 m) tall
  • The circumference of the central piers = 240 feet (73 m)
  • Outer diameter of dome = 137.7 feet (42.0 m)[4]
  • The drum of the dome = 630 feet (190 m) in circumference and 65.6 feet (20.0 m) high, rising to 240 feet (73 m) from the ground
  • The lantern = 63 feet (19 m) high
  • The ball and cross = 8 and 16 feet (2.4 and 4.9 m), respectively
  • St. Peter’s Square = 1,115 feet (340 m) long, 787.3 feet (240.0 m) wide[4]
  • Each arm of the colonnade = 306 feet (93 m) long, and 64 feet (20 m) high
  • The colonnades have 248 columns, 88 pilasters, and 140 statues[4]
  • Obelisk = 83.6 feet (25.5 m). Total height with base and cross, 132 feet (40 m).
  • Weight of obelisk = 360.2 short tons (326,800 kg; 720,400 lb)[4]

Length 140 metres (460 ft)

Width 140 metres (460 ft

Width 65 metres (213 ft)



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